Hallux Rigidus

Definition

Hallux rigidus ia a condition that causes joint pain and stiffness at the base of the big toe.

This condition can be very disabling as the big toe effects how we walk and move.

Causes

  • Poor biomechanics- for example fallen arches. Causing excessive tissue stress on the big toe joint which can lead to wear and tear type arthritis
  • Injury- Overuse,  especially in people who have increased stress on their big toe joint for example, squatting or stooping. Stubbing the toe can also lead to hallux limitus and rigidus
  • Genetic
  • Other inflammatory diseases for example Rheumatoid arthritis or gout

Symptoms

  • Pain and stiffness of the big toe
  • Pain worse in cold, damp weather
  • Increase in pain after activities involving pressure on the big toe

Treatment

  • Orthotics to offload tissues and improve foot function
  • Pain relief medication
  • If conservative methods do not work then surgery may be required